|Posted on 21 March, 2016 at 14:10|
A precise, consistent terminology is fundamental to our ability to communicate. This must be a routine terminology, unambiguous and descriptive. Such proper terminology makes it possible to introduce a touch of philosophy in every aspect of a discussion.
1. Oral Implantology/Implant Dentistry:
It is the science and discipline concerned with the diagnosis, design, insertion, restoration, and/or management of alloplastic or autogenous oral structures to restore the loss of contour, comfort, function, esthetics, speech and/or health of the partially/completely edentulous patient.
2. Implant Prosthodontics:
It is the branch of implant dentistry concerned with the restorative phase following implant placement and the overall treatment plan component before the placement of implants.
3. Oral/Dental Implant:
It is a biologic or alloplastic biomaterial surgically inserted into soft/hard tissues of the mouth for functional cosmetic purposes.
It is the term that denotes at least some direct contact of lining bone with the surface of an implant at the light microscopic level of magnification under a functional load.
5. Rigid Fixation:
The term defines an implant with no observed mobility with 1-500gm force applied in vertical/horizontal direction.
6. Endosteal Implant:
It is an alloplastic material surgically inserted into a residual ridge, primarily to serve as a prosthodontic foundation
7. Root form Implant:
Implants designed to use a vertical column of bone. They can be smooth, threaded, perforated, solid, hollow, vented, coated or textured and are available in submergible and non-submergible forms in a variety of biocompatibile materials. They may be cylindrical or screw root forms.
8. Blade form Implants:
This form uses a horizontal dimension of bone and is flat and narrow in the faciolingual dimension.
9. Implant body/Fixture:
Is that part of implant designed to be surgically placed in the bone and may extend slightly above the crest of the alveolar ridge
10. Cover Screw:
These are first stage covers placed on top of the implant to prevent bone, soft tissue, or debris from invading the abutment connection area during healing.
It is that portion of the implant that serves to support and/or retain the a prosthesis or implant superstructure
It is defined as a metal framework that fits the implant abutment and provides retention for prosthesis such as a cast bar retaining an overdenture with attachments
13. Impression coping:
It is a structure positioned onto the abutments prior to impression making, picked up in the impression and used to position an anolog in the impression. It can be direct/indirect.
Direct: It is picked up within the impression after loosening its screw from the abutment
Indirect: It remains in place in the mouth after the impression is removed and is subsequently reoriented in the impression before attaching the analog.
14. Implant analog:
It is attached to the transfer coping and then the assembly is poured; to replicate the retentive position of the implant body/abutment.